Knapweed Fritillary (Melitaea phoebe)
Species

Male. Taken in the Velebits National Park, Croatia, on June 11th 2017.
(1/80th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Male underside. Taken in the Velebits National Park, Croatia, on June 11th 2017.
(1/80th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Description

Wing span: 35 - 40 mm

The Knapweed Fritillary is a warmth-loving butterfly prone to confusing variability. The upper surface of the hindwing has a well-defined orange band and no black spots. The sexes are similar.

It is widespread and common in S and C Europe, but largely absent from NW Europe. Many populations are in decline.

It is found in sheltered dry meadows, scrub and light woodland up to 1900m.

It mostly has two broods per year, the first from April to June, and the second from July to September.

The larvae feed on a wide range of Knapweeds (Centaurea spp).

Sightings

25-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
22-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
20-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France

11-Jun-2017 : Velebits National Park, Croatia
20-Jul-2015 : nr Samokov, Bulgaria
19-Jun-2014 : nr Mirovo, Bulgaria