Large White (Pieris brassicae)

Male. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on August 31st 2013..
(1/400th sec at f13. Approx 2x lifesize)

Male. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 30th 2016.
(1/4000th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize)

Female. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 30th 2015.
(1/400th sec at f16. Approx 2x lifesize)

Female underside. Taken at Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon on June 7th 2015.
(1/800th sec at f11. Approx 2x lifesize)

Mating pair. Taken at Sydlings Copse, Oxon, on July 24th 2011.
(1/500th sec at f14. Approx 2x lifesize)

Larva. Taken at Abingdon, Oxon., on August 17th 2013.
(1/60th sec at f11)

© David Hastings


Wing span: 59 - 67 mm
This species is one of the two known as the "Cabbage White". Its larvae can reach pest proportions, and decimate cabbages (and other brassicas) to the point that the leaves become skeletons of their former selves.
It occurs throughout Britain and Ireland, and the population is regularly augmented by migrants from the continent.
The Large White can be seen almost anywhere, but are most numerous around fields of brassica crops, allotments and gardens.
This butterfly normally has 2 generations each year, and there is often a 3rd brood. The first brood emerges in April, with a peak in May. In typical years, their offspring emerge in July and fly through August and into early September. The pupa is the overwintering stage.
Foodplants are of the Bassicaceae family, including Cabbage, Oil-seed Rape, Brussels Sprouts and Nasturtium. Around the coast Sea Kale may be used. Purple flowers such as Thistles are favourite nectar sources.
Females are attracted to Brassica plants by the mustard oils they contain. Adults are capable of flying for long distances. They will sometimes rest quite high up in trees.
This species is listed as Least Concern in the latest Red List of British Butterflies (PDF).


20-Aug-2017:Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon(1)
17-Aug-2017:Lardon Chase, Berks(1)
15-Aug-2017:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(1)
13-Aug-2017:West Walton, Cambs(2)
07-Aug-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
06-Aug-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3+)
06-Aug-2017:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(3)
04-Aug-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3)
04-Aug-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
01-Aug-2017:Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon(1)
29-Jul-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
29-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
28-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
23-Jul-2017:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(12)
22-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
22-Jul-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
18-Jul-2017:Greenham Common, Berks(1)
18-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(4+)
18-Jul-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
18-Jul-2017:Fence Wood, Berks(4)
16-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(4+)
16-Jul-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
14-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
09-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(4+)
09-Jul-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(4)
08-Jul-2017:Bayworth, Oxon(4)
08-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
08-Jul-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
08-Jul-2017:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(9)
06-Jul-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
02-Jul-2017:Fence Wood, Berks(3)
01-Jul-2017:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(3)
24-Jun-2017:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(1)
21-Jun-2017:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
20-Jun-2017:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
11-Jun-2017:Velebits National Park, Croatia
09-Jun-2017:Paklenica National Park, Croatia
08-Jun-2017:Paklenica National Park, Croatia
06-Jun-2017:Irinovac, Croatia
28-May-2017:Pewsey Down, Wilts(2)
18-May-2017:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(2)
14-May-2017:Rodborough Common, Glos(1)
07-May-2017:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(1)
02-May-2017:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1m)

02-Nov-2016:Sierra De Las Nieves, Spain(1)
02-Oct-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
01-Oct-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
24-Sep-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
22-Sep-2016:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(2)
11-Sep-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
11-Sep-2016:Otmoor, Oxon(3)
04-Sep-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
29-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1+)
29-Aug-2016:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(4)
23-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(6+)
16-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(4)
13-Aug-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
13-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
12-Aug-2016:Marston Meadows, Oxon(1)
12-Aug-2016:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(3)
09-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
07-Aug-2016:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
07-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
06-Aug-2016:Greenham Common, Berks(1)
06-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
06-Aug-2016:Fence Wood, Berks(3)
06-Aug-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
03-Aug-2016:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(2)
02-Aug-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
31-Jul-2016:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
30-Jul-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
30-Jul-2016:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(21+)
28-Jul-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1f)
24-Jul-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3)
23-Jul-2016:Bernwood Meadows, Bucks(1)
23-Jul-2016:Otmoor, Oxon(2)
23-Jul-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
23-Jul-2016:Bernwood Forest, Bucks(6)
23-Jul-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
22-Jul-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
19-Jul-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
17-Jul-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
17-Jul-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
16-Jul-2016:Silchester Common, Hants(4)
16-Jul-2016:Crookham Common, Berks(1)
14-Jul-2016:Chazey Heath, Oxon(2)
14-Jul-2016:Lardon Chase, Berks(5)
11-Jul-2016:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(6)
09-Jul-2016:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
07-Jul-2016:Fermyn Wood, Northants(1)
28-Jun-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
19-Jun-2016:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(1m)
28-May-2016:Ardley Quarry, Oxon(1)
28-May-2016:Bucknell Wood, Northants(1)
28-May-2016:Wicken Wood, Bucks(1)
22-May-2016:Lardon Chase, Berks(1m)
22-May-2016:Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon(1m)
08-May-2016:Rodborough Common, Glos(2m)
05-May-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1m)
16-Apr-2016:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1m)

05-Oct-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
29-Sep-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
20-Sep-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
19-Sep-2015:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
19-Sep-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3)
19-Sep-2015:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
07-Sep-2015:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
06-Sep-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
06-Sep-2015:Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon(2)
06-Sep-2015:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
01-Sep-2015:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1+)
29-Aug-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3+)
22-Aug-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1+)
22-Aug-2015:Yeosden Bank, Bucks(1)
22-Aug-2015:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(1)
16-Aug-2015:Pewsey Down, Wilts(7)
16-Aug-2015:Hackpen Hill, Oxon(2)
12-Aug-2015:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(2)
09-Aug-2015:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(2+)
08-Aug-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3+)
08-Aug-2015:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(3+)
08-Aug-2015:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
06-Aug-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
02-Aug-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
02-Aug-2015:Bernwood Meadows, Bucks(1)
02-Aug-2015:Otmoor, Oxon(3)
31-Jul-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3)
30-Jul-2015:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(6m,8f)
30-Jul-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
28-Jul-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
24-Jul-2015:nr Kirilova polyana, Bulgaria
23-Jul-2015:Papaz Tchair, Bulgaria
22-Jul-2015:nr Sandanski, Bulgaria
22-Jul-2015:Kresna Gorge, Bulgaria
20-Jul-2015:nr Samokov, Bulgaria
18-Jul-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
18-Jul-2015:Silchester Common, Hants(2)
14-Jul-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
12-Jul-2015:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
12-Jul-2015:Cothill Fen, Oxon(2)
11-Jul-2015:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(1)
11-Jul-2015:The Holies, Berks(3)
10-Jul-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
10-Jul-2015:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
04-Jul-2015:Bernwood Forest, Bucks(2)
04-Jul-2015:Charndon, Bucks(1)
04-Jul-2015:Otmoor, Oxon(2)
03-Jul-2015:Bernwood Forest, Bucks(1)
03-Jul-2015:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(3)
02-Jul-2015:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
02-Jul-2015:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
30-Jun-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
29-Jun-2015:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(1)
16-Jun-2015:Heddon Valley, Devon(1)
07-Jun-2015:Lardon Chase, Berks(1)
07-Jun-2015:Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon(1)
07-Jun-2015:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(1)
04-Jun-2015:Marston Meadows, Oxon(1)
30-May-2015:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(1)
23-May-2015:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
21-May-2015:Marston Meadows, Oxon(1)
16-May-2015:Ivinghoe Beacon, Bucks(1)
09-May-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1m)
03-May-2015:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1m)
28-Apr-2015:Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon(1)
27-Apr-2015:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
25-Apr-2015:Ardley Quarry, Oxon(1)

30-Sep-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
28-Sep-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
27-Sep-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
27-Sep-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
21-Sep-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
13-Sep-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
10-Sep-2014:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(1)
07-Sep-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
03-Sep-2014:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(1)
31-Aug-2014:Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon(2)
28-Aug-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
24-Aug-2014:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
24-Aug-2014:Cothill Fen, Oxon(1)
24-Aug-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
20-Aug-2014:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(1m)
16-Aug-2014:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(2)
09-Aug-2014:Pewsey Down, Wilts(2)
03-Aug-2014:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
29-Jul-2014:Smardale Gill NNR, Cumbria(1)
26-Jul-2014:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(3)
24-Jul-2014:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(2)
22-Jul-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
20-Jul-2014:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
20-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
20-Jul-2014:Calvert Jubilee, Oxon(1)
19-Jul-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
17-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
15-Jul-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
15-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
13-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
12-Jul-2014:Homefield Wood, Bucks(2)
12-Jul-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
12-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
11-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
08-Jul-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
06-Jul-2014:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(1)
05-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(8)
03-Jul-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
28-Jun-2014:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
28-Jun-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
24-Jun-2014:Mesta River fishponds, Bulgaria
24-Jun-2014:Papaz Tchair, Bulgaria
24-Jun-2014:nr Novo Hodzhovo, Bulgaria
23-Jun-2014:Borino, Bulgaria
22-Jun-2014:Roadside, Bulgaria
20-Jun-2014:nr Dolna Kula, Bulgaria
14-Jun-2014:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
01-Jun-2014:Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon(1)
01-Jun-2014:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
25-May-2014:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(1)
18-May-2014:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
18-May-2014:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(1)
12-May-2014:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(1)
21-Apr-2014:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
21-Apr-2014:Bagley Wood, Oxon(1)

06-Oct-2013:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
05-Oct-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1m)
05-Oct-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1m)
29-Sep-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
29-Sep-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
22-Sep-2013:Otmoor, Oxon(1)
06-Sep-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1m,1f)
31-Aug-2013:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(7)
29-Aug-2013:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(1)
26-Aug-2013:Otmoor, Oxon(3)
26-Aug-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
24-Aug-2013:Radley Lakes, Oxon(3)
23-Aug-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
18-Aug-2013:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(10+)
18-Aug-2013:Lardon Chase, Berks(3)
18-Aug-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
18-Aug-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(3)
16-Aug-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(4)
11-Aug-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
11-Aug-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(10+)
11-Aug-2013:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(10+)
10-Aug-2013:Otmoor, Oxon(8)
10-Aug-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
10-Aug-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(4+)
10-Aug-2013:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(18+)
08-Aug-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
07-Aug-2013:Marston Meadows, Oxon(1)
04-Aug-2013:Greenham Common, Berks(2)
04-Aug-2013:Bowdown Wood, Berks(1)
03-Aug-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(10+)
01-Aug-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(4)
30-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3)
28-Jul-2013:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(4)
28-Jul-2013:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(7)
27-Jul-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
27-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2+)
26-Jul-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(4)
26-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
24-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
24-Jul-2013:Homefield Wood, Bucks(30+)
23-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(4+)
22-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
21-Jul-2013:Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon(25+)
21-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(4+)
21-Jul-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(6+)
20-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
20-Jul-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
17-Jul-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
15-Jul-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
14-Jul-2013:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
14-Jul-2013:Cothill Fen, Oxon(1)
13-Jul-2013:Bernwood Forest, Bucks(3)
13-Jul-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(3)
07-Jul-2013:Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon(1)
30-Jun-2013:Bernwood Forest, Bucks(1)
30-Jun-2013:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(2)
27-Jun-2013:Narborough Railway Line, Norfolk(1)
04-Jun-2013:University Parks, Oxford, Oxon(1)
02-Jun-2013:Lardon Chase, Berks(1)
26-May-2013:Bentley Wood, Wilts(4)
26-May-2013:Stockbridge Down, Hants(1)
25-May-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
25-May-2013:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(2)
19-May-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
19-May-2013:Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
18-May-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
06-May-2013:Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon(4)
06-May-2013:Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon(2)
05-May-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
04-May-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1)
03-May-2013:Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon(1)
03-May-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(2)
01-May-2013:The Camargue, France
23-Apr-2013:Garden, Abingdon, Oxon(1m)