Ringlet (Aphantopus hyperantus)
Species

Male. Taken at Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon., on June 15th 2014.
(1/100th sec at f13. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Male underside. Taken at Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon on July 4th 2010.
(1/80th sec at f13. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female. Taken at Homefield Wood, Bucks, on July 12th 2014.
(1/160th sec at f13. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Mating pair. Taken at Waterperry Wood, Oxon., on July 1st 2017.
(1/320th sec at f14. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Description

Wing span: 40-43 mm

The Ringlet gets its name from the highly variable small eyespots/circles on the underwings. These spots consist of a pale brown/tan outer ring black within, with a central white spot. They vary in number and size and may be enlarged, stretched or reduced to small white spots, sometimes lacking the black ring. The male is almost entirely dark brown, with a single (sometimes two) darker dot on each forewing, and two dots on each hindwing. The female has three pronounced dots on the forewing and two on the hindwing.

It occurs in England, Wales and most of Scotland (except the highlands).

Its prefered habitat is tall lush grassland which occurs in damp locations on heavy soils, especially in woodland rides. The butterfly also occurs on commons, road verges, disused railway lines and riverbanks on clay soils.

There is one brood per year, with adults being on the wing from mid-June to mid-August. The larva is the over-wintering stage.

The main larval foodplants are Cock's-foot, Common Couch, False Brome, Meadow-grasses and Tufted Hair-grass.

Adults feed on Bramble, Fleabane, Hemp Agrimony, Kidney Vetch, Marjoram, Privet, Ragwort and Thistles

Males adopt a strategy of patrolling for mates and are often seen in ones and twos fluttering among grasses.

This species is of Least Concern on the UK list.

Sightings

31-Jul-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
25-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
23-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
21-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
20-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
14-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (3)
14-Jul-2018 : Watlington Hill, Oxon (3)
12-Jul-2018 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (2)
12-Jul-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (10+)
10-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (40+)
09-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (25+)
08-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Jul-2018 : Besselsleigh Wood, Oxon (5)
04-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (10)
02-Jul-2018 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (60+)
01-Jul-2018 : Silchester Common, Hants (4)
01-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (75+)
28-Jun-2018 : Myers Allotment, Lancashire (9)
27-Jun-2018 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (8)
27-Jun-2018 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (30+)
26-Jun-2018 : Latterbarrow, Cumbria (20+)
26-Jun-2018 : Leighton Moss, Lancashire (1)
24-Jun-2018 : Irton Pike, Cumbria (1)
21-Jun-2018 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (6)
21-Jun-2018 : Whelford Pools, Glos (4)
18-Jun-2018 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
18-Jun-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (2)
15-Jun-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)

03-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
18-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
08-Jul-2017 : Bayworth, Oxon (10+)
08-Jul-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (11)
02-Jul-2017 : Silchester Common, Hants (5+)
02-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (50+)
01-Jul-2017 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (20+)
01-Jul-2017 : Waterperry Wood, Oxon (50+)
01-Jul-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (50+)
27-Jun-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Jun-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (11+)
19-Jun-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
18-Jun-2017 : Waterperry Wood, Oxon (3)
18-Jun-2017 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
17-Jun-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (2)
15-Jun-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (2)
14-Jun-2017 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (1)
14-Jun-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)

14-Aug-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2016 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
31-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
30-Jul-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (3)
30-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (10+)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (20+)
19-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
16-Jul-2016 : Silchester Common, Hants (4)
16-Jul-2016 : Crookham Common, Berks (1)
15-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (15+)
14-Jul-2016 : Chazey Heath, Oxon (5)
14-Jul-2016 : Lardon Chase, Berks (7)
11-Jul-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (40+)
11-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (6)
09-Jul-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (12+)
07-Jul-2016 : Fermyn Wood, Northants (30+)
05-Jul-2016 : Smardale Gill NNR, Cumbria (9)
03-Jul-2016 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (20+)
03-Jul-2016 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (30+)
02-Jul-2016 : Allithwaite Quarry, Cumbria (2)
30-Jun-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (2m)
28-Jun-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (6+)
26-Jun-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (7+)
25-Jun-2016 : Whelford Pools, Glos (2m)
25-Jun-2016 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (12m)

08-Aug-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
02-Aug-2015 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (1)
26-Jul-2015 : Bansko meadows, Bulgaria
25-Jul-2015 : Nr Dobrinishte, Bulgaria
23-Jul-2015 : Papaz Tchair, Bulgaria
20-Jul-2015 : nr Samokov, Bulgaria
18-Jul-2015 : Crookham Common, Berks (1)
18-Jul-2015 : Silchester Common, Hants (1)
12-Jul-2015 : Parsonage Moor, Oxon (2)
11-Jul-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (25+)
11-Jul-2015 : The Holies, Berks (7)
04-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (30+)
04-Jul-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (7)
04-Jul-2015 : Calvert Jubilee, Oxon (30)
04-Jul-2015 : Charndon, Bucks (10)
03-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (30+)
03-Jul-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (27)
02-Jul-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (8+)
02-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
29-Jun-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
29-Jun-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
21-Jun-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)

31-Jul-2014 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (2)
30-Jul-2014 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (1)
29-Jul-2014 : Smardale Gill NNR, Cumbria (1)
20-Jul-2014 : Calvert Jubilee, Oxon (3)
20-Jul-2014 : Finemere Wood, Bucks (10+)
12-Jul-2014 : Homefield Wood, Bucks (50+)
12-Jul-2014 : Watlington Hill, Oxon (50+)
10-Jul-2014 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (3)
06-Jul-2014 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (3)
06-Jul-2014 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (40+)
06-Jul-2014 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
05-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Jul-2014 : North Cave Wetlands, E. Yorkshire (2)
02-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
01-Jul-2014 : Bempton Cliffs, E. Yorks (4)
30-Jun-2014 : Tophill Low, E. Yorks (100+)
30-Jun-2014 : Kiplingcotes Chalk Pit, E. Yorks (20+)
29-Jun-2014 : Crowle Moor, N. Lincs (70+)
28-Jun-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (30+)
16-Jun-2014 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (4)
15-Jun-2014 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
15-Jun-2014 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
14-Jun-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (4+)