Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)

Taken at Lardon Chase, Berks, on August 26th 2012.
(1/250th sec at f13. Approx 2.25x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Taken at Oxford, Oxon, on August 3rd 2016.
(1/125th sec at f4. Approx 2.25x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Larva. Taken in the Vercors NP, France, on July 21st 2018.
(1/400th sec at f10. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)


Wing span: 59 - 74 mm

The Painted Lady is a migrant to the British Isles; none of its stages are able to over-winter successfully here. It originates from north Africa, and the urge to migrate may be triggered when an individual encounters a certain density of its own kind within a given area. The 2009 migration is considered to be one of the greatest ever, with as many as 11 million insects arriving during the weekend of 23/24 May alone.

Painted Ladies can be seen anywhere in the British Isles.

They can be found in any type of habitat.

Adults usually start arriving in late March and continue into May and June. These breed and give rise to the next generation that peaks between mid-August and early October. There may be more than one brood, depending largely on the weather. There may also be furthur waves of immigrants later in the summer.

The main larval foodplant is Thistle. Common Nettle, Mallow and Viper's Bugloss are also used, although in much smaller numbers.

Thistles and Teasel are favourite nectar sources for adults.

In 2009 it was proved that Painted Ladies make the reverse migration from the UK back to North Africa in the autumn. It appears that more insects return to North Africa than arrived to breed the previous spring.

This species is of Least Concern on the UK list.


10-Oct-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
15-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Aug-2018 : Lardon Chase, Berks (2)
24-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
23-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
20-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
07-Jul-2018 : Besselsleigh Wood, Oxon (1)
06-Jun-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
03-Jun-2018 : Stockbridge Down, Hants (1)

20-Sep-2017 : Radipole Lake, Dorset (1)
19-Sep-2017 : Portland Bill, Dorset (3)
19-Sep-2017 : Cheyne Weare, Portland, Dorset (2)
27-Aug-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (1)
23-Aug-2017 : Lollingdon Hill, Oxon (1)
11-Aug-2017 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (1)
06-Aug-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
03-Aug-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
03-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
23-Jul-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
24-Jun-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
14-Jun-2017 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (2)
11-Jun-2017 : Velebits National Park, Croatia
10-Jun-2017 : Velebits National Park, Croatia
09-Jun-2017 : Paklenica National Park, Croatia
08-Jun-2017 : Paklenica National Park, Croatia
03-Jun-2017 : Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-May-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (3)

07-Nov-2016 : Huerta Grande, Spain (1)
07-Nov-2016 : Laja de la Zarga, Spain (1)
07-Nov-2016 : Cueva del Moro, Spain (1)
07-Nov-2016 : El Bujeo, Spain (10+)
06-Nov-2016 : La Janda, Spain (3)
05-Nov-2016 : Trafico, Spain (2)
05-Nov-2016 : Playa de Los Lances, Spain (2)
03-Nov-2016 : Los Riscos, Spain (10+)
29-Aug-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2016 : Fence Wood, Berks (2)
03-Aug-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
09-Jun-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)

07-Sep-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
22-Aug-2015 : Yeosden Bank, Bucks (1)
16-Aug-2015 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (1)
15-Aug-2015 : Rushy Common, Oxon (1)
08-Aug-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
02-Aug-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
31-Jul-2015 : Abingdon (NE), Oxon (1)
26-Jul-2015 : Baderitza, Bulgaria
25-Jul-2015 : Bezbog, Bulgaria
23-Jul-2015 : Pirin Mountains, Bulgaria
18-Jun-2015 : Haddon Hill, Somerset (1)
11-Jun-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (2)
06-Jun-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
30-Apr-2015 : Arne, Dorset (1)
30-Apr-2015 : Stoborough Heath NNR, Dorset (2)

28-Aug-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
03-Aug-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
25-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Jul-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
30-Jun-2014 : Tophill Low, E. Yorks (1)
24-Jun-2014 : Dospat, Bulgaria
24-Jun-2014 : Mesta River fishponds, Bulgaria
23-Jun-2014 : Sarnena River, Dospat, Bulgaria
22-Jun-2014 : Plazishte, Bulgaria
22-Jun-2014 : Roadside, Bulgaria
22-Jun-2014 : Smolyan Lakes, Bulgaria
21-Jun-2014 : Byal gradets, Bulgaria
20-Jun-2014 : nr Dolna Kula, Bulgaria
20-Jun-2014 : Arda River, Bulgaria
19-Jun-2014 : nr Mirovo, Bulgaria
13-Jun-2014 : Redbridge, Oxon (1)
25-May-2014 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)