Whites (Pieridae)
Species
The Pieridae family contains species more commonly known as "whites" and "yellows". The pigment (yellows and oranges) which occur in some species from this family are derived from uric acid waste products which deposit themselves on the wing scales during pupation. The pupae of all species from the Pieridae family are positioned in an upright fashion, with a single silk girdle around the middle.
 
Species seen but not photographed:
  • Corsican Dappled White: Sardinia (May 2007)
  • Canary Brimstone: Tenerife (March 2009)
  • Canary Large White: Tenerife (March 2009)
  • Greenish Black-tip: Fuerteventura (March 2018)
  • Cleopatra: France (July 2018)
  • Pale Clouded Yellow: France (July 2018)
  • Moorland Clouded Yellow: France (July 2018)