Green-veined White (Pieris napi)
Species

1st brood male. Taken at Farmoor, Oxon., on May 13th 2018.
(1/1250th sec at f13. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

1st brood male underside. Taken at Radley Lakes, Oxon., on March 25th 2012.
(1/250th sec at f11. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

2nd brood male. Taken at Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon., on July 4th 2010.
(1/250th sec at f11. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

2nd brood male underside. Taken at Otmoor, Oxon., on September 8th 2012.
(1/400th sec at f16. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female. Taken at Otmoor, Oxon., on May 25th 2013.
(1/200th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female underside. Taken at Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon., on May 15th 2010.
(1/125th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Mating pair. Taken at Bowdown Wood, Berks, on July 23rd 2011.
(1/160th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Description

Wing span: 40 - 52 mm

This is a common butterfly of damp grassland and woodland rides that is often mistaken for the Small White. The dark veining on the wings is distinctive but can be quite variable. First-brood males usually have no spots on their upper forewings, whereas second-brood males can have one or two spots. Females have two spots in both broods.

This species can be found throughout Britain and Ireland.

It prefers damper habitats such as stream and ditch edges, marshes and woodland rides. It can also be seen in gardens.

There are usually two flight periods. First-brood adults typically emerge in late April, peaking around the middle of May and gradually tailing off through June. The second brood starts to emerge in early July. However, in good years, the second brood may emerge in late June and give rise to a third brood. This species over-winters as a pupa.

The primary larval foodplants are Charlock, Cuckooflower, Garlic Mustard, Hedge Mustard, Large Bitter-cress, Water-cress, Wild Cabbage and Wild Radish.

Adults feed primarily on Betony, Bluebell, Bugle, Buttercups, Cuckooflower, Fleabane, Greater Stitchwort, Ragged Robin, Ragwort, Red Campion, Thistles and Vetches.

This species exhibits great variation in the colour and shade of the ground colour as well as the extent of the spotting. As is usual in the 'whites', many aberrations are unique to either males or females, and being seasonally dimorphic some aberrations are also specific to the generation or 'brood'. There are 79 named aberrations known to occur in Britain.

This species is of Least Concern on the UK list.

Sightings

04-Sep-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (1)
30-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
28-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (4)
25-Aug-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (11+)
20-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (11)
09-Aug-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (8)
07-Aug-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (6)
05-Aug-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (2)
04-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
31-Jul-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (5)
31-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (4+)
30-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
26-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
17-Jul-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (19+)
17-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
16-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2018 : Parsonage Moor, Oxon (20+)
12-Jul-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (15)
12-Jul-2018 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (20+)
11-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
10-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
09-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (10+)
08-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
08-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Jul-2018 : Besselsleigh Wood, Oxon (3)
05-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
04-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
04-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (4)
03-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1f)
01-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (1)
30-Jun-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
28-Jun-2018 : Foulshaw Moss, Cumbria (2)
23-Jun-2018 : Meathop Moss, Cumbria (2)
18-Jun-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
15-Jun-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
02-Jun-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1f)
27-May-2018 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (12)
27-May-2018 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (7m,1f)
26-May-2018 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1)
26-May-2018 : The Holies, Berks (2)
22-May-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (4+)
20-May-2018 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
18-May-2018 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (10+)
17-May-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (8m,1f)
17-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
15-May-2018 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1f)
15-May-2018 : Cholsey Marsh, Oxon (3m)
14-May-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (14m,1f)
13-May-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2m,2f)
12-May-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1f)
09-May-2018 : Whelford Pools, Glos (3m,1f)
07-May-2018 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (5+)
05-May-2018 : Cors y Llyn NNR, Powys (4m)
05-May-2018 : Gilfach Farm, Powys (2m)
01-May-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (10m,1f)
26-Apr-2018 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (5m)
25-Apr-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (4)
22-Apr-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (2)
22-Apr-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
19-Apr-2018 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1m)

03-Oct-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
12-Sep-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
29-Aug-2017 : Lollingdon Hill, Oxon (2)
27-Aug-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (4)
26-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (4+)
24-Aug-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (3)
20-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
16-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (5)
13-Aug-2017 : West Walton, Norfolk (1)
11-Aug-2017 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (14)
10-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2017 : Parsonage Moor, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2017 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (8)
03-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (6)
01-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
29-Jul-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (1)
23-Jul-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
18-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (4)
16-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
08-Jul-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (5+)
02-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (4)
01-Jul-2017 : Waterperry Wood, Oxon (3)
01-Jul-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
15-Jun-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (2)
11-Jun-2017 : Velebits National Park, Croatia
03-Jun-2017 : Abingdon, Oxon (1)
30-May-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (1f)
28-May-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (1)
27-May-2017 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (1)
21-May-2017 : Abingdon, Oxon (1m,1f)
20-May-2017 : Stockbridge Down, Hants (1m)
18-May-2017 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1f)
14-May-2017 : Whelford Pools, Glos (2m,1f)
02-May-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (5+)
02-May-2017 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
01-May-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
22-Apr-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1+)
22-Apr-2017 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (4)
18-Apr-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (1m)
18-Apr-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
15-Apr-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (3m)
13-Apr-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (6+m)

18-Sep-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1f)
11-Sep-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (5m,2f)
29-Aug-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (2)
23-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1f)
14-Aug-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
14-Aug-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (4)
12-Aug-2016 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (3)
07-Aug-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (10+)
07-Aug-2016 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (12+)
06-Aug-2016 : Fence Wood, Berks (6+)
03-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
03-Aug-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
02-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
31-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon
31-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (5+)
30-Jul-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (7)
25-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (20+)
16-Jul-2016 : Crookham Common, Berks (1)
15-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
14-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
14-Jul-2016 : Chazey Heath, Oxon (1)
11-Jul-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
09-Jul-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1m,2f)
07-Jul-2016 : Fermyn Wood, Northants (1)
04-Jul-2016 : Leighton Moss, Lancashire (1m)
02-Jul-2016 : Allithwaite Quarry, Cumbria (1m,1f)
02-Jul-2016 : Foulshaw Moss, Cumbria (3)
19-Jun-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1m)
07-Jun-2016 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
05-Jun-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (6m,2f)
28-May-2016 : Wicken Wood, Bucks (3m)
28-May-2016 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (10+m,1f)
27-May-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
24-May-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
22-May-2016 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (1m,1f)
22-May-2016 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1m)
19-May-2016 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (2m)
15-May-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (8)
15-May-2016 : Hitchcopse South Sandpit, Oxon (2m)
14-May-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (15+m,1f)
05-May-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1m)

10-Sep-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
07-Sep-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (2m)
22-Aug-2015 : Yeosden Bank, Bucks (1)
21-Aug-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (2m)
16-Aug-2015 : Hackpen Hill, Oxon (4)
16-Aug-2015 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (3)
15-Aug-2015 : Rushy Common, Oxon (1+)
08-Aug-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (3+)
06-Aug-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (5m)
02-Aug-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (12)
30-Jul-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1f)
18-Jul-2015 : Silchester Common, Hants (1f)
18-Jul-2015 : Crookham Common, Berks (1m,1f)
11-Jul-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (2)
04-Jul-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
03-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
02-Jul-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
21-Jun-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
16-Jun-2015 : Watersmeet, Devon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (2)
07-Jun-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
04-Jun-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
01-Jun-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (4m)
30-May-2015 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (2)
21-May-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (2)
17-May-2015 : Stockbridge Down, Hants (1)
16-May-2015 : Ivinghoe Beacon, Bucks (1+)
10-May-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (6+m,1f)
09-May-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2m)
04-May-2015 : Cholsey Marsh, Oxon (4)
04-May-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (20+)
30-Apr-2015 : Arne, Dorset (1m)
27-Apr-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (9m,2f)
27-Apr-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3m)
25-Apr-2015 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (2m)
21-Apr-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
21-Apr-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (5+)
18-Apr-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (3m)
14-Apr-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
14-Apr-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Apr-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)

14-Sep-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (7+)
14-Sep-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
10-Sep-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2m,1f)
04-Sep-2014 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (6+)
04-Sep-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
31-Aug-2014 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
28-Aug-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (5)
24-Aug-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
24-Aug-2014 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (1)
24-Aug-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
23-Aug-2014 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
20-Aug-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
17-Aug-2014 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
16-Aug-2014 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (4)
03-Aug-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
31-Jul-2014 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (1)
31-Jul-2014 : Myers Allotment, Lancashire (2)
30-Jul-2014 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (1)
29-Jul-2014 : Smardale Gill NNR, Cumbria (6)
28-Jul-2014 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (1)
26-Jul-2014 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
26-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Jul-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (4)
20-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Jul-2014 : Calvert Jubilee, Oxon (6)
12-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
10-Jul-2014 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (7+)
09-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
06-Jul-2014 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
28-Jun-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
01-Jun-2014 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (1)
31-May-2014 : Salden railway cutting (1)
17-May-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
17-May-2014 : Bentley Wood, Wilts (1)
15-May-2014 : Burgess Field, Oxon (1)
12-May-2014 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (8)
12-May-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
09-May-2014 : Gwenffrwd-Dinas, Ceredigion (8+m,2f)
07-May-2014 : Poppit Sands, Pembrokeshire (2)
07-May-2014 : Teifi Marshes, Pembrokeshire (1)
05-May-2014 : Tregaron, Ceredigion (2)
26-Apr-2014 : Whelford Pools, Glos (6+)
21-Apr-2014 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (1)
21-Apr-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (6+)
17-Apr-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (2m)
16-Apr-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
15-Apr-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (6)
15-Mar-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)