Large White (Pieris brassicae)
Species

Male. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on August 31st 2013..
(1/400th sec at f13. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Male. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 30th 2016.
(1/4000th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 30th 2015.
(1/400th sec at f16. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female underside. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 4th 2018.
(1/800th sec at f14. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Mating pair. Taken at Sydlings Copse, Oxon, on July 24th 2011.
(1/500th sec at f14. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Larva. Taken at Abingdon, Oxon., on August 17th 2013.
(1/60th sec at f11. © David Hastings)

Description

Wing span: 59 - 67 mm

This species is one of the two known as the "Cabbage White". Its larvae can reach pest proportions, and decimate cabbages (and other brassicas) to the point that the leaves become skeletons of their former selves. The sexes are similar, but females have two black spots on their upper forewings.

The Large White occurs throughout Britain and Ireland, and the population is regularly augmented by migrants from the continent.

Large Whites can be seen almost anywhere, but are most numerous around fields of brassica crops, allotments and gardens.

This butterfly normally has two generations each year, and there is often a 3rd brood. The first brood emerges in April, with a peak in May. In typical years, their offspring emerge in July and fly through August and into early September. The pupa is the overwintering stage.

Foodplants are of the Bassicaceae family, including Cabbage, Oil-seed Rape, Brussels Sprouts and Nasturtium. Females are attracted to brassica plants by the mustard oils they contain.

Purple flowers such as Thistles are favourite nectar sources.

Adults are capable of flying for long distances. They will sometimes rest quite high up in trees.

This species is of Least Concern on the UK list.

Sightings

15-Nov-2018 : Extremadura, Spain (1)
29-Sep-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Sep-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
13-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
09-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
04-Sep-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (1)
04-Sep-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
03-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
03-Sep-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
02-Sep-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
01-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
30-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
25-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
25-Aug-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (1)
25-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
20-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
16-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
16-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
15-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
14-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
13-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
13-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
09-Aug-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (7)
05-Aug-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (2)
05-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
04-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
04-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
03-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
03-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
02-Aug-2018 : Lardon Chase, Berks (4)
02-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
02-Aug-2018 : Lid's Down, Oxon (3)
31-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
31-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
31-Jul-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (7+)
31-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
30-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
30-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
27-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
26-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
26-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
25-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
23-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
20-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
19-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
17-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
16-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
16-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
15-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
15-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
14-Jul-2018 : Watlington Hill, Oxon (10+)
14-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (12+)
13-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2018 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (2)
12-Jul-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
11-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
10-Jul-2018 : Greenham Common, Berks (3)
10-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (7)
09-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (10+)
08-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
08-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
07-Jul-2018 : Besselsleigh Wood, Oxon (3)
07-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
07-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
05-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
05-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
04-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
04-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (29)
02-Jul-2018 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (9+)
02-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
01-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
01-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
01-Jul-2018 : Silchester Common, Hants (9)
01-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
30-Jun-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
30-Jun-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
28-Jun-2018 : Foulshaw Moss, Cumbria (1)
27-Jun-2018 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (1)
18-Jun-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
06-Jun-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
06-Jun-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
03-Jun-2018 : Stockbridge Down, Hants (2)
31-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
27-May-2018 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (2m)
27-May-2018 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1m)
22-May-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
20-May-2018 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
18-May-2018 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
17-May-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (8m)
17-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2m)
15-May-2018 : Lardon Chase, Berks (3m)
15-May-2018 : Cholsey Marsh, Oxon (2)
09-May-2018 : Rodborough Common, Glos (1)
09-May-2018 : Whelford Pools, Glos (1)
08-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
07-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
26-Apr-2018 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (1m)
19-Apr-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
18-Apr-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1m)

14-Oct-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
26-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
26-Sep-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
22-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Sep-2017 : Radipole Lake, Dorset (1)
19-Sep-2017 : Portland Bill, Dorset (3)
19-Sep-2017 : Cheyne Weare, Portland, Dorset (3)
12-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Aug-2017 : Lollingdon Hill, Oxon (2)
24-Aug-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
20-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
17-Aug-2017 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1)
15-Aug-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
13-Aug-2017 : West Walton, Norfolk (2)
07-Aug-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (3)
06-Aug-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
04-Aug-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
04-Aug-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
01-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
29-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
28-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
23-Jul-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (12)
22-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
22-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
18-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
18-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
18-Jul-2017 : Greenham Common, Berks (1)
18-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (4)
16-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
16-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
14-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
09-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
09-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (4)
08-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
08-Jul-2017 : Bayworth, Oxon (4)
08-Jul-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (9)
08-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
06-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
02-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
01-Jul-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
24-Jun-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
21-Jun-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Jun-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Jun-2017 : Velebits National Park, Croatia
09-Jun-2017 : Paklenica National Park, Croatia
08-Jun-2017 : Paklenica National Park, Croatia
06-Jun-2017 : Irinovac, Croatia
28-May-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
18-May-2017 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
14-May-2017 : Rodborough Common, Glos (1)
07-May-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
02-May-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1m)

02-Nov-2016 : Sierra De Las Nieves, Spain (1)
02-Oct-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
01-Oct-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
24-Sep-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
22-Sep-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
11-Sep-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Sep-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
04-Sep-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Aug-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (4)
29-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1+)
23-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (6+)
16-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (4)
13-Aug-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
13-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
12-Aug-2016 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
12-Aug-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (3)
09-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Aug-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
07-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
06-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2016 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
06-Aug-2016 : Greenham Common, Berks (1)
03-Aug-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
02-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
31-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
30-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
30-Jul-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (21+)
28-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1f)
24-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
23-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
23-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
23-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (6)
22-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
19-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
17-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
17-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
16-Jul-2016 : Silchester Common, Hants (4)
16-Jul-2016 : Crookham Common, Berks (1)
14-Jul-2016 : Lardon Chase, Berks (5)
14-Jul-2016 : Chazey Heath, Oxon (2)
11-Jul-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (6)
09-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Jul-2016 : Fermyn Wood, Northants (1)
28-Jun-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
19-Jun-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1m)
28-May-2016 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (1)
28-May-2016 : Wicken Wood, Bucks (1)
28-May-2016 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1)
22-May-2016 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (1m)
22-May-2016 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1m)
08-May-2016 : Rodborough Common, Glos (2m)
05-May-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
16-Apr-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)

05-Oct-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
29-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
19-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
19-Sep-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
19-Sep-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
07-Sep-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
06-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
06-Sep-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
06-Sep-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
01-Sep-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1+)
29-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
22-Aug-2015 : Yeosden Bank, Bucks (1)
22-Aug-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
22-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1+)
16-Aug-2015 : Hackpen Hill, Oxon (2)
16-Aug-2015 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (7)
12-Aug-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
09-Aug-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (2+)
08-Aug-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (3+)
08-Aug-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
08-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
06-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Aug-2015 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (1)
02-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
02-Aug-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
31-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
30-Jul-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (6m,8f)
30-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Jul-2015 : nr Kirilova polyana, Bulgaria
23-Jul-2015 : Papaz Tchair, Bulgaria
22-Jul-2015 : Kresna Gorge, Bulgaria
22-Jul-2015 : nr Sandanski, Bulgaria
20-Jul-2015 : nr Samokov, Bulgaria
18-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
18-Jul-2015 : Silchester Common, Hants (2)
14-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2015 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (2)
11-Jul-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
11-Jul-2015 : The Holies, Berks (3)
10-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
10-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
04-Jul-2015 : Charndon, Bucks (1)
04-Jul-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
04-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
03-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
03-Jul-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
02-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Jul-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
30-Jun-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Jun-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
16-Jun-2015 : Heddon Valley, Devon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1)
04-Jun-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
30-May-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
23-May-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
21-May-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
16-May-2015 : Ivinghoe Beacon, Bucks (1)
09-May-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
03-May-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
28-Apr-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
27-Apr-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
25-Apr-2015 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1)