Large White (Pieris brassicae)
Species

Male. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on August 31st 2013..
(1/400th sec at f13. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Male. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 30th 2016.
(1/4000th sec at f14. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 30th 2015.
(1/400th sec at f16. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female underside. Taken at Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon., on July 4th 2018.
(1/800th sec at f14. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Mating pair. Taken at Sydlings Copse, Oxon, on July 24th 2011.
(1/500th sec at f14. Approx 2x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Larva. Taken at Abingdon, Oxon., on August 17th 2013.
(1/60th sec at f11. © David Hastings)

Description

Wing span: 59 - 67 mm

This species is one of the two known as the "Cabbage White". Its larvae can reach pest proportions, and decimate cabbages (and other brassicas) to the point that the leaves become skeletons of their former selves. The sexes are similar, but females have two black spots on their upper forewings.

The Large White occurs throughout Britain and Ireland, and the population is regularly augmented by migrants from the continent.

Large Whites can be seen almost anywhere, but are most numerous around fields of brassica crops, allotments and gardens.

This butterfly normally has two generations each year, and there is often a 3rd brood. The first brood emerges in April, with a peak in May. In typical years, their offspring emerge in July and fly through August and into early September. The pupa is the overwintering stage.

Foodplants are of the Bassicaceae family, including Cabbage, Oil-seed Rape, Brussels Sprouts and Nasturtium. Females are attracted to brassica plants by the mustard oils they contain.

Purple flowers such as Thistles are favourite nectar sources.

Adults are capable of flying for long distances. They will sometimes rest quite high up in trees.

This species is of Least Concern on the UK list.

Sightings

15-Nov-2018 : Extremadura, Spain (1)
29-Sep-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Sep-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
13-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
09-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
04-Sep-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
04-Sep-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (1)
03-Sep-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
03-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Sep-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
01-Sep-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
30-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
25-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
25-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
25-Aug-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (1)
20-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
16-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
16-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
15-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
14-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
13-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
13-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
09-Aug-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (7)
05-Aug-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (2)
05-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
04-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
04-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
03-Aug-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
03-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
02-Aug-2018 : Lid's Down, Oxon (3)
02-Aug-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
02-Aug-2018 : Lardon Chase, Berks (4)
31-Jul-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (7+)
31-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
31-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
31-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
30-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
30-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
27-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
26-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
26-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
25-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
23-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
20-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
19-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
17-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
16-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
16-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
15-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
15-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
14-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (12+)
14-Jul-2018 : Watlington Hill, Oxon (10+)
13-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2018 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (2)
11-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
10-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (7)
10-Jul-2018 : Greenham Common, Berks (3)
09-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (10+)
08-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
08-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Jul-2018 : Besselsleigh Wood, Oxon (3)
07-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
07-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
05-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
05-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
04-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (29)
04-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Jul-2018 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (9+)
02-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
01-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
01-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
01-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
01-Jul-2018 : Silchester Common, Hants (9)
30-Jun-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
30-Jun-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Jun-2018 : Foulshaw Moss, Cumbria (1)
27-Jun-2018 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (1)
18-Jun-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
06-Jun-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
06-Jun-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
03-Jun-2018 : Stockbridge Down, Hants (2)
31-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
27-May-2018 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (2m)
27-May-2018 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1m)
22-May-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
20-May-2018 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
18-May-2018 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
17-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2m)
17-May-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (8m)
15-May-2018 : Cholsey Marsh, Oxon (2)
15-May-2018 : Lardon Chase, Berks (3m)
09-May-2018 : Whelford Pools, Glos (1)
09-May-2018 : Rodborough Common, Glos (1)
08-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
07-May-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
26-Apr-2018 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (1m)
19-Apr-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
18-Apr-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1m)

14-Oct-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
26-Sep-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
26-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
22-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Sep-2017 : Radipole Lake, Dorset (1)
19-Sep-2017 : Portland Bill, Dorset (3)
19-Sep-2017 : Cheyne Weare, Portland, Dorset (3)
12-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Aug-2017 : Lollingdon Hill, Oxon (2)
24-Aug-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
20-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
17-Aug-2017 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1)
15-Aug-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
13-Aug-2017 : West Walton, Norfolk (2)
07-Aug-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
06-Aug-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (3)
04-Aug-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
04-Aug-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
01-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
29-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
28-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
23-Jul-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (12)
22-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
22-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
18-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (4)
18-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
18-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
18-Jul-2017 : Greenham Common, Berks (1)
16-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
16-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
14-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
09-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (4+)
09-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (4)
08-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
08-Jul-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
08-Jul-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (9)
08-Jul-2017 : Bayworth, Oxon (4)
06-Jul-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
02-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
01-Jul-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
24-Jun-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
21-Jun-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Jun-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Jun-2017 : Velebits National Park, Croatia
09-Jun-2017 : Paklenica National Park, Croatia
08-Jun-2017 : Paklenica National Park, Croatia
06-Jun-2017 : Irinovac, Croatia
28-May-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
18-May-2017 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
14-May-2017 : Rodborough Common, Glos (1)
07-May-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
02-May-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1m)

02-Nov-2016 : Sierra De Las Nieves, Spain (1)
02-Oct-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
01-Oct-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
24-Sep-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
22-Sep-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
11-Sep-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
11-Sep-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
04-Sep-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1+)
29-Aug-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (4)
23-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (6+)
16-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (4)
13-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
13-Aug-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
12-Aug-2016 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
12-Aug-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (3)
09-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Aug-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
07-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2016 : Greenham Common, Berks (1)
06-Aug-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
06-Aug-2016 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
03-Aug-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
02-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
31-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
30-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
30-Jul-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (21+)
28-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1f)
24-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (6)
23-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
23-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
22-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
19-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
17-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
17-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
16-Jul-2016 : Silchester Common, Hants (4)
16-Jul-2016 : Crookham Common, Berks (1)
14-Jul-2016 : Lardon Chase, Berks (5)
14-Jul-2016 : Chazey Heath, Oxon (2)
11-Jul-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (6)
09-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Jul-2016 : Fermyn Wood, Northants (1)
28-Jun-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
19-Jun-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1m)
28-May-2016 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (1)
28-May-2016 : Wicken Wood, Bucks (1)
28-May-2016 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1)
22-May-2016 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1m)
22-May-2016 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (1m)
08-May-2016 : Rodborough Common, Glos (2m)
05-May-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
16-Apr-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)

05-Oct-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
29-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
19-Sep-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
19-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
19-Sep-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
07-Sep-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
06-Sep-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
06-Sep-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
06-Sep-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
01-Sep-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1+)
29-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
22-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1+)
22-Aug-2015 : Yeosden Bank, Bucks (1)
22-Aug-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
16-Aug-2015 : Hackpen Hill, Oxon (2)
16-Aug-2015 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (7)
12-Aug-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
09-Aug-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (2+)
08-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3+)
08-Aug-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (3+)
08-Aug-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
06-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Aug-2015 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (1)
02-Aug-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
02-Aug-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
31-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (3)
30-Jul-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (6m,8f)
30-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Jul-2015 : nr Kirilova polyana, Bulgaria
23-Jul-2015 : Papaz Tchair, Bulgaria
22-Jul-2015 : nr Sandanski, Bulgaria
22-Jul-2015 : Kresna Gorge, Bulgaria
20-Jul-2015 : nr Samokov, Bulgaria
18-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
18-Jul-2015 : Silchester Common, Hants (2)
14-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2015 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (2)
12-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
11-Jul-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
11-Jul-2015 : The Holies, Berks (3)
10-Jul-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
10-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
04-Jul-2015 : Charndon, Bucks (1)
04-Jul-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
04-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
03-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
03-Jul-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
02-Jul-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
02-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
30-Jun-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
29-Jun-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
16-Jun-2015 : Heddon Valley, Devon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (1)
04-Jun-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
30-May-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
23-May-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
21-May-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
16-May-2015 : Ivinghoe Beacon, Bucks (1)
09-May-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
03-May-2015 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
28-Apr-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
27-Apr-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
25-Apr-2015 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1)

30-Sep-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Sep-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
27-Sep-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
27-Sep-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
21-Sep-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
13-Sep-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon
10-Sep-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
07-Sep-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
03-Sep-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
31-Aug-2014 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
28-Aug-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Aug-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
24-Aug-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
24-Aug-2014 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (1)
20-Aug-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1m)
16-Aug-2014 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (2)
09-Aug-2014 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
03-Aug-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
29-Jul-2014 : Smardale Gill NNR, Cumbria (1)
26-Jul-2014 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (3)
24-Jul-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
22-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
20-Jul-2014 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
20-Jul-2014 : Calvert Jubilee, Oxon (1)
19-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
17-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
15-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
15-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
13-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2+)
12-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2014 : Homefield Wood, Bucks (2)
12-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
11-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
08-Jul-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
06-Jul-2014 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
05-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (8)
03-Jul-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Jun-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
28-Jun-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Jun-2014 : Mesta River fishponds, Bulgaria
24-Jun-2014 : Papaz Tchair, Bulgaria
24-Jun-2014 : nr Novo Hodzhovo, Bulgaria
23-Jun-2014 : Borino, Bulgaria
22-Jun-2014 : Roadside, Bulgaria
20-Jun-2014 : nr Dolna Kula, Bulgaria
14-Jun-2014 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
01-Jun-2014 : Goring Railway Bridge, Oxon (1)
01-Jun-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
25-May-2014 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
18-May-2014 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
18-May-2014 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
12-May-2014 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
21-Apr-2014 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (1)
21-Apr-2014 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)