Ringlet (Aphantopus hyperantus)
Species

Male. Taken at Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon., on June 15th 2014.
(1/100th sec at f13. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female. Taken at Homefield Wood, Bucks, on July 12th 2014.
(1/160th sec at f13. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Underside. Taken at Otmoor, Oxon., on July 8th 2019.
(1/125th sec at f13. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Mating pair. Taken at Waterperry Wood, Oxon., on July 1st 2017.
(1/320th sec at f14. Approx 2.75x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Description

Wing span: 40-43 mm

The Ringlet gets its name from the highly variable small eyespots/circles on the underwings. These spots consist of a pale brown/tan outer ring black within, with a central white spot. They vary in number and size and may be enlarged, stretched or reduced to small white spots, sometimes lacking the black ring. The male is almost entirely dark brown, with a single (sometimes two) darker dot on each forewing, and two dots on each hindwing. The female has three pronounced dots on the forewing and two on the hindwing.

It occurs in England, Wales and most of Scotland (except the highlands).

Its prefered habitat is tall lush grassland which occurs in damp locations on heavy soils, especially in woodland rides. The butterfly also occurs on commons, road verges, disused railway lines and riverbanks on clay soils.

There is one brood per year, with adults being on the wing from mid-June to mid-August. The larva is the over-wintering stage.

The main larval foodplants are Cock's-foot, Common Couch, False Brome, Meadow-grasses and Tufted Hair-grass.

Adults feed on Bramble, Fleabane, Hemp Agrimony, Kidney Vetch, Marjoram, Privet, Ragwort and Thistles

Males adopt a strategy of patrolling for mates and are often seen in ones and twos fluttering among grasses.

This species is of Least Concern on the UK list.

Sightings

04-Aug-2019 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
31-Jul-2019 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
25-Jul-2019 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
22-Jul-2019 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (4)
22-Jul-2019 : Otmoor, Oxon (24)
21-Jul-2019 : Watlington Hill, Oxon (4)
16-Jul-2019 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (20+)
16-Jul-2019 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (100+)
15-Jul-2019 : Lardon Chase, Berks (1)
12-Jul-2019 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (20+)
12-Jul-2019 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (30+)
11-Jul-2019 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (10+)
10-Jul-2019 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (20+)
09-Jul-2019 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
08-Jul-2019 : Otmoor, Oxon (250+)
08-Jul-2019 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (100+)
08-Jul-2019 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (40+)
07-Jul-2019 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
04-Jul-2019 : Parsonage Moor, Oxon (7)
04-Jul-2019 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
04-Jul-2019 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (20+)
03-Jul-2019 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (50+)
30-Jun-2019 : Fence Wood, Berks (40+)
30-Jun-2019 : Silchester Common, Hants (1)
29-Jun-2019 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (1)
29-Jun-2019 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (3)
28-Jun-2019 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (9)
27-Jun-2019 : Standlake Common, Oxon (3)
24-Jun-2019 : Otmoor, Oxon (16)
22-Jun-2019 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
20-Jun-2019 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (1)

31-Jul-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
25-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
23-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
21-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
20-Jul-2018 : Vercors Natural Park, France
14-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (3)
14-Jul-2018 : Watlington Hill, Oxon (3)
12-Jul-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (10+)
12-Jul-2018 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (2)
10-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (40+)
09-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (25+)
08-Jul-2018 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
07-Jul-2018 : Besselsleigh Wood, Oxon (5)
04-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (10)
02-Jul-2018 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (60+)
01-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (75+)
01-Jul-2018 : Silchester Common, Hants (4)
28-Jun-2018 : Myers Allotment, Lancashire (9)
27-Jun-2018 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (8)
27-Jun-2018 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (30+)
26-Jun-2018 : Leighton Moss, Lancashire (1)
26-Jun-2018 : Latterbarrow, Cumbria (20+)
24-Jun-2018 : Irton Pike, Cumbria (1)
21-Jun-2018 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (6)
21-Jun-2018 : Whelford Pools, Glos (4)
18-Jun-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (2)
18-Jun-2018 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
15-Jun-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)

03-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
18-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
08-Jul-2017 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (11)
08-Jul-2017 : Bayworth, Oxon (10+)
02-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (50+)
02-Jul-2017 : Silchester Common, Hants (5+)
01-Jul-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (50+)
01-Jul-2017 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (20+)
01-Jul-2017 : Waterperry Wood, Oxon (50+)
27-Jun-2017 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
24-Jun-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (11+)
19-Jun-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
18-Jun-2017 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
18-Jun-2017 : Waterperry Wood, Oxon (3)
17-Jun-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (2)
15-Jun-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (2)
14-Jun-2017 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (1)
14-Jun-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)

14-Aug-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2016 : Fence Wood, Berks (3)
31-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
30-Jul-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (3)
30-Jul-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (20+)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (10+)
19-Jul-2016 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
16-Jul-2016 : Crookham Common, Berks (1)
16-Jul-2016 : Silchester Common, Hants (4)
15-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (15+)
14-Jul-2016 : Lardon Chase, Berks (7)
14-Jul-2016 : Chazey Heath, Oxon (5)
11-Jul-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (40+)
11-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (6)
09-Jul-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (12+)
07-Jul-2016 : Fermyn Wood, Northants (30+)
05-Jul-2016 : Smardale Gill NNR, Cumbria (9)
03-Jul-2016 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (30+)
03-Jul-2016 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (20+)
02-Jul-2016 : Allithwaite Quarry, Cumbria (2)
30-Jun-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (2m)
28-Jun-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (6+)
26-Jun-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (7+)
25-Jun-2016 : Whelford Pools, Glos (2m)
25-Jun-2016 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (12m)

08-Aug-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)
02-Aug-2015 : Bernwood Meadows, Bucks (1)
26-Jul-2015 : Bansko meadows, Bulgaria
25-Jul-2015 : Nr Dobrinishte, Bulgaria
23-Jul-2015 : Papaz Tchair, Bulgaria
20-Jul-2015 : nr Samokov, Bulgaria
18-Jul-2015 : Crookham Common, Berks (1)
18-Jul-2015 : Silchester Common, Hants (1)
12-Jul-2015 : Parsonage Moor, Oxon (2)
11-Jul-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (25+)
11-Jul-2015 : The Holies, Berks (7)
04-Jul-2015 : Charndon, Bucks (10)
04-Jul-2015 : Calvert Jubilee, Bucks (30)
04-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (30+)
04-Jul-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (7)
03-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (30+)
03-Jul-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (27)
02-Jul-2015 : Allotment, Abingdon, Oxon (2)
02-Jul-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (8+)
29-Jun-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
29-Jun-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
21-Jun-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)