Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria)
Species

Male ssp. tircis. Taken at Otmoor, Oxon., on April 18th 2019.
(1/320th sec at f13. Approx 2.5x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Female ssp. tircis. Taken at Bernwood Forest, Bucks on June 30th 2013.
(1/160th sec at f10. Approx 2.5x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Underside ssp. tircis. Taken at Parsonage Moor, Oxon., on September 18th 2010.
(1/320th sec at f13. Approx 3x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Mating pair ssp. tircis. Taken at Otmoor, Oxon., on April 18th 2019.
(1/250th sec at f13. Approx 2.5x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Male ssp. insula. Taken on St Mary's, Isles of Scilly, on April 20th 2011.
(1/125th sec at f14. Approx 2.5x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Male ssp. aegeria. Taken near Tarifa, Spain, on September 11th 2010.
(1/50th sec at f13. Approx 2.5x lifesize. © David Hastings)

Description

Wing span: 40-45 mm

The Speckled Wood is a common butterfly. Its appearance changes from north to south, and the following subspecies are known: tircis is found in most of England, Wales, Ireland and central Europe. oblita is found in Scotland. insula is found on the Isles of Scilly. aegeria is found in southern and south-western Europe, and colonised Madeira in 1976. The further south the population, the more orange is found on the wings.

It is found throughout the British Isles except the south and extreme north of Scotland. It is widespread in western and central Europe, Turkey, N. Africa and Madeira.

Its habitat is deciduous, coniferous and mixed woodland, but it can be found anywhere there is sufficient scrub to provide the dappled shade that it favours. This includes gardens and hedgerows.

There are three broods in Britain: the end of April/beginning of May, the end of July, and the end of August into September. Both larvae and pupae over-winter, which makes the Speckled Wood unique among British butterflies.

The main larval foodplants are Cock's-foot, Common Couch, False Brome and Yorkshire-fog.

Adults feed primarily on honeydew or sap.

Males often bask on sunlit leaves or the woodland floor. They are very territorial.

This species is of Least Concern on the UK list.

Sightings

09-Jun-2019 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (3)
06-Jun-2019 : Bentley Wood, Wilts (1)
03-Jun-2019 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (7)
03-Jun-2019 : Otmoor, Oxon (6)
02-Jun-2019 : Abingdon, Oxon (5)
02-Jun-2019 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
01-Jun-2019 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1)
01-Jun-2019 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (10)
13-May-2019 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
12-May-2019 : Ivinghoe Beacon, Bucks (1)
11-May-2019 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (1)
11-May-2019 : Abingdon, Oxon (1)
01-May-2019 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (3)
30-Apr-2019 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (8)
29-Apr-2019 : Standlake Common, Oxon (5)
26-Apr-2019 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (4)
21-Apr-2019 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
20-Apr-2019 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (15)
20-Apr-2019 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Apr-2019 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (4)
18-Apr-2019 : Otmoor, Oxon (6+m,1f)
01-Apr-2019 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1m)
30-Mar-2019 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)

17-Nov-2018 : Extremadura, Spain (1)
16-Nov-2018 : Extremadura, Spain (1)
14-Nov-2018 : Extremadura, Spain (2)
12-Nov-2018 : Extremadura, Spain (1)
27-Sep-2018 : Chimney Meadows, Oxon (4)
06-Sep-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
04-Sep-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (3)
30-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
28-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (5)
25-Aug-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (15+)
20-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (24)
16-Aug-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (4)
09-Aug-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (25+)
07-Aug-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (4)
06-Aug-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
05-Aug-2018 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (1)
02-Aug-2018 : Lid's Down, Oxon (1)
31-Jul-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (5)
31-Jul-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (5)
16-Jul-2018 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
14-Jul-2018 : Watlington Hill, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2018 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (1)
12-Jul-2018 : Parsonage Moor, Oxon (2)
10-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (2)
07-Jul-2018 : Besselsleigh Wood, Oxon (3)
04-Jul-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
01-Jul-2018 : Fence Wood, Berks (1)
01-Jul-2018 : Silchester Common, Hants (1)
28-Jun-2018 : Myers Allotment, Lancashire (1)
28-Jun-2018 : Leighton Moss, Lancashire (2)
27-Jun-2018 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (2)
27-Jun-2018 : Arnside Knott, Cumbria (1)
26-Jun-2018 : Latterbarrow, Cumbria (2)
26-Jun-2018 : Leighton Moss, Lancashire (2)
24-Jun-2018 : Irton Pike, Cumbria (3)
23-Jun-2018 : Meathop Moss, Cumbria (1)
21-Jun-2018 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (3)
20-Jun-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (2)
18-Jun-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (7)
18-Jun-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (5)
18-Jun-2018 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (5)
15-Jun-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (5)
14-Jun-2018 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (6)
11-Jun-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (5)
10-Jun-2018 : Barnwell Country Park, Northants (2)
08-Jun-2018 : Barnwell Country Park, Northants (1)
06-Jun-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (5)
06-Jun-2018 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (4)
03-Jun-2018 : Bentley Wood, Wilts (5)
03-Jun-2018 : Stockbridge Down, Hants (1)
02-Jun-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (7)
02-Jun-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
27-May-2018 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (1)
27-May-2018 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1)
26-May-2018 : The Holies, Berks (1)
22-May-2018 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (3)
17-May-2018 : Sandford Brake, Oxon (5m)
13-May-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
11-May-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
09-May-2018 : Rodborough Common, Glos (2)
01-May-2018 : Otmoor, Oxon (4m,1f)
26-Apr-2018 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (4m)
25-Apr-2018 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (3)
22-Apr-2018 : Standlake Common, Oxon (2m)

11-Oct-2017 : Holkham NNR, Norfolk (1)
10-Oct-2017 : Titchwell Marsh, Norfolk (1)
03-Oct-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
24-Sep-2017 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
20-Sep-2017 : Radipole Lake, Dorset (2)
18-Sep-2017 : Lodmoor, Dorset (2)
13-Sep-2017 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (4)
12-Sep-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (3)
29-Aug-2017 : Lollingdon Hill, Oxon (3)
27-Aug-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (5)
26-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (4)
24-Aug-2017 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
23-Aug-2017 : Lollingdon Hill, Oxon (3)
20-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (3)
16-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (4)
16-Aug-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (7)
15-Aug-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (2)
11-Aug-2017 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (6)
10-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
06-Aug-2017 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (1)
03-Aug-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
01-Aug-2017 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (3)
29-Jul-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (3)
18-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (1)
02-Jul-2017 : Fence Wood, Berks (1)
01-Jul-2017 : Waterperry Wood, Oxon (1)
24-Jun-2017 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
18-Jun-2017 : Waterperry Wood, Oxon (1)
17-Jun-2017 : Standlake Common, Oxon (2)
15-Jun-2017 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (4)
14-Jun-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
14-Jun-2017 : Daneway Banks, Gloucs (4)
11-Jun-2017 : Velebits National Park, Croatia
03-Jun-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
03-Jun-2017 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (4)
30-May-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (6)
27-May-2017 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (1)
21-May-2017 : Abingdon, Oxon (1)
14-May-2017 : Whelford Pools, Glos (1)
02-May-2017 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1m)
02-May-2017 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
29-Apr-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
22-Apr-2017 : Bagley Wood, Oxon (6m,1f)
13-Apr-2017 : Otmoor, Oxon (4+m)
06-Apr-2017 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2m)
30-Mar-2017 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1m)

04-Nov-2016 : Huerta Grande, Spain (1)
03-Nov-2016 : Montejaque, Spain (2)
22-Sep-2016 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (1)
22-Sep-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
11-Sep-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (11)
04-Sep-2016 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (6)
29-Aug-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (2)
28-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
28-Aug-2016 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
21-Aug-2016 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (2)
16-Aug-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)
14-Aug-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (6+)
14-Aug-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (4)
12-Aug-2016 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (7)
07-Aug-2016 : Cothill Fen, Oxon (1)
07-Aug-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
06-Aug-2016 : Fence Wood, Berks (2)
03-Aug-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
31-Jul-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (4)
23-Jul-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
07-Jul-2016 : Fermyn Wood, Northants (10+)
05-Jul-2016 : Smardale Gill NNR, Cumbria (1)
04-Jul-2016 : Leighton Moss, Lancashire (1)
03-Jul-2016 : Gait Barrows NNR, Lancashire (1)
02-Jul-2016 : Allithwaite Quarry, Cumbria (1)
30-Jun-2016 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1m)
26-Jun-2016 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (2)
26-Jun-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
19-Jun-2016 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (7m)
07-Jun-2016 : Barton Fields, Abingdon, Oxon (1m)
05-Jun-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (3m)
02-Jun-2016 : Lymington-Keyhaven NR, Hants (1)
02-Jun-2016 : New Copse Inclosure, Hants (1)
29-May-2016 : Pewsey Downs NNR, Wilts (3)
28-May-2016 : Bucknell Wood, Northants (1)
28-May-2016 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (1)
28-May-2016 : Wicken Wood, Bucks (4)
27-May-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
15-May-2016 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
14-May-2016 : Otmoor, Oxon (1m)
08-May-2016 : Whelford Pools, Glos (1)
20-Apr-2016 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (3m)
12-Apr-2016 : Garden, Abingdon, Oxon (1)

01-Oct-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
27-Sep-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (3)
19-Sep-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (4)
13-Sep-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (3m)
12-Sep-2015 : Radley Lakes, Oxon (7)
10-Sep-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (3)
07-Sep-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (10)
06-Sep-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (2)
30-Aug-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (5)
29-Aug-2015 : Lardon Chase, Berks (4)
22-Aug-2015 : Aston Rowant NNR, Oxon (1)
22-Aug-2015 : Yeosden Bank, Bucks (2)
21-Aug-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (8)
06-Aug-2015 : Marston Meadows, Oxon (4)
02-Aug-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (1)
21-Jul-2015 : nr Petrovo, Bulgaria
18-Jul-2015 : Silchester Common, Hants (1)
11-Jul-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
11-Jul-2015 : The Holies, Berks (1)
03-Jul-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
03-Jul-2015 : Bernwood Forest, Bucks (1)
21-Jun-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (6)
21-Jun-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (3)
18-Jun-2015 : Haddon Hill, Somerset (7)
18-Jun-2015 : Haddon Moor, Somerset (2)
16-Jun-2015 : Heddon Valley, Devon (2)
16-Jun-2015 : Watersmeet, Devon (3)
11-Jun-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
07-Jun-2015 : Aston Upthorpe Downs, Oxon (1)
06-Jun-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (1)
04-Jun-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (2)
01-Jun-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
28-May-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
21-May-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (1)
10-May-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
30-Apr-2015 : Stoborough Heath NNR, Dorset (2)
28-Apr-2015 : Farmoor Reservoir, Oxon (1)
27-Apr-2015 : Whitecross Green Wood, Oxon (1)
27-Apr-2015 : Otmoor, Oxon (2)
25-Apr-2015 : Ardley Quarry, Oxon (3)
23-Apr-2015 : University Parks, Oxford, Oxon (3)
21-Apr-2015 : Dry Sandford Pit, Oxon (2)